Here’s Everything You Need To Know About Breast Cancer: Symptoms, Causes And Treatment

Here’s everything about the breast cancer symptoms, signs, causes, types, treatment and awareness.

Table Of Content

What is Breast Cancer?
Types of Breast Cancer
Breast Cancer Symptoms and Signs
Breast Cancer Causes
Some easy ways to reduce the risk factors
What Is Breast Cancer Screening?
Breast Cancer Awareness
Breast Cancer Treatment
Side-Effects of Breast Cancer Treatment
Commonly Asked Questions About Breast Cancer?
1.Do antiperspirants and deodorants cause breast cancer?
2.Does Breast Cancer Treatment Affect the Ability to Conceive?
Best Cancer Hospitals in Pakistan


Breast cancer is more common disease in women who do not have children either, and if they have children they do not feed their breast milk.

According to report of the WHO at least two million womenwill be die by the end of the 21st century out of which 20 percentwill be from Pakistan and India. Women all across the world are increasinglyvulnerable to breast cancer.  A positivething about the breast cancer is that it can be cured easily if it been diagnosedat the early stages. IF a women is diagnosed with the breast cancer at earlystages that the tumors can be removed with surgery in order to control it.

Today in this article we will talk about the breast cancer, its early signs, symptoms, causes, types, treatment and awareness. 

So let’s start with………..

Whatis Breast Cancer?

Breast cancer is a nasty rising from the cells of thebreast. Though breast cancer mainly occurs in women, but it can also affectmen.

Breast cancer is develops from breast tissue and thecells start growing out of control. It can develops in different parts of thebreast.

Basically a breast is made up of three main parts such aslobules, ducts, and connective tissue.

Lobules:These glands produce milk.

Ducts:These are tubes that carry milk to the nipple.

Connectivetissue: These are fibrous and fatty tissue surrounds and holdseverything together.

According to Scientists’ analysis, cancer tumors do notexceed a millimeter until they have new blood supply in them.

In the first stage, breast cancer is limited to one inch lumpwithin one breast.

In the second phase, this lump increases up to 2 inches andit lumps started to form in armpit.

The size of the lump increase in the third phase and alsothe size of the lump in armpit.

In the fourth phase, the lump reaches the second breastand with this increase liver, lungs and bones start affected.

Types of Breast Cancer:

There are different kinds of breast cancer. Usually thebreast cancers develop in the ducts orlobules parts. The development of the cancers inside the ducts are known as ductal carcinomas, on the other handfrom lobules are known as lobularcarcinomas.

But it can also begin outside the breast via lymphvessels and the blood vessels.Whenbreast cancer ranges to other parts of the body, it is supposed to havemetastasized.

There are some other less common types of breast cancer,such as Paget’s disease, Adenoid cystic carcinoma, Triple-negativebreast cancers, External medullary, mucinous, andinflammatory cancer.

External Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is a breast maladythat may trigger the breast cancer. The cancer cells are only in the coveringof the ducts, and have not spread to other tissues in the breast.

BreastCancer Symptoms and Signs:

There are lots of breast cancer symptoms and signs thatlet you easily diagnose it at early stage. Symptoms of breast cancer in men areparallel to the symptoms in women. Although it can ensue at any age, malebreast cancer typically arises in men over 60 years of age.

These symptoms and signs include a lump in the breast, achange in shape, fat of the skin, and fluid coming from the nipple like blood,a newly reversed nipple, pain in the breast and  redness  or scaly patch of skin.

These symptoms may happen due to other condition may not be the cancer but if you find any such type of symptoms and sign consult your health care physician right away.

BreastCancer Causes:

There are a number of causes participate in developingbreast cancer including obesity, lack of exercise, drinking alcohol, hormone changestherapy during menopause, ionizing energy, early age at first menstruation suchas in the age of 12, having children late or not at all, having children after30s or 50s, older age, previous history of breast cancer, and family history.

Other causes may also include in developing the breastcancer such as smoking, being exposed to chemicals that can cause cancer, andchanges in hormones due to night shift working.

Someeasy ways to reduce the risk factors:

Many factors that contribute in developing the breastcancer can’t be changed such as getting older or your family history, but youcan help to lower the risk factors by practicing on the following ways:

Keep a healthy weight.

Exercise regularly.

Don’t drink alcohol, or limit alcoholic drinks.

Cut your calories intake.

Eat fresh fruit and vegetables.

Always ask your doctor first about the risk factors ifyou are taking of have been told to take the birth control pills.

Avoid Post-Menopausal Hormones.

IF you are having children breastfeed them.

If you have a family history of breast cancer or congenital changes in your BRCA1 and BRCA2 DNAs, you can also consult your doctor about other ways to lower your risk.

WhatIs Breast Cancer Screening?

Screening can help find breast cancer at early stage,because in earlier stage to treat the cancer is easier. Breast cancer screeningis checking a woman’s breasts for cancer before there are symptoms or signs ofthe illness. One of the basic screening tests is a mammogram, or an X-ray ofthe breast.

Mammogram is the ideal way to find breast cancer at earlystage, before it is large enough to feel symptoms.

Other diagnoses for the breast cancer include Breastultrasound, Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and Biopsy.

If the breast cancer diagnosed then doctor performfurther tests to find out if cancer cells have extent within the breast or toother parts of the body.

BreastCancer Awareness:

Breast cancer awareness is an attempt to promoteawareness and decreases the humiliation of breast cancer by educating the womenabout the signs, symptoms and treatment.

The organization hold seminars and events in order to makewomen aware with the education about the breast cancer as the supports hopethat the earlier detection of the breast cancer will greater the chances ofsurvival. The most prominent symbol of breast cancer awareness is the Pink Ribbon.

The month of October is celebrated in a number of countries across the world as the National Breast Cancer Awareness Month.

BreastCancer Treatment:

A must be familiar with breasts look and feel so you caneasily notice the signs and symptoms if any there including the lumps, pain, orchanges in size of the breast.

If you find any of the sign immediately consult yourhealth care physician.

Doctor treated breast cancer in several ways. It dependson the type of breast cancer and how far it has spread within the breast ofother part of the body.

Hereare some of the breast cancer treatments that the surgeon use to treat it.  

Surgery:It’s a kind of an operation where doctors cut out cancer tissue.

Chemotherapy: it’sa treatment in which doctor use special medicines to shrink or destroy thecancer cells. The drugs can be pills you take or medicines given in your veins,or sometimes both.

Hormonaltherapy: in this treatment the cancer cells don’t get the hormonesthey need to develop.

Biologicaltherapy: This treatment works with your body’s immune system to supportit fight cancer cells or to control side effects from other cancer cures.

Radiation therapy: In this treatment doctor use the high-energy rays (similar to X-rays) to destroy the cancer cells.

Howto Manage the Side-Effects of Breast Cancer Treatment?

Although the breast cancer treatment comes with a numberof side effects that can be managed with evidence-informed therapies includingnaturopathic support, nutrition therapy, pain management and oncologyrehabilitation.

These are the supportive therapies that may supportbreast cancer patients to decrease the impact of cancer treatment side effects.

CommonlyAsked Questions About Breast Cancer?

1.Do antiperspirants and deodorants cause breast cancer?

A number of people ask about the link between breastcancer and antiperspirants and deodorants. There are many researches that haveshown there is no association of breast cancer and antiperspirants anddeodorants.

A study has shown that the antiperspirants and deodorantscontains parabens (a preservative used in deodorants) can build up in breasttissues.

A study conducted in 2002 did not show any better riskfor breast cancer in women using a deodorant or antiperspirant. On the otherhand a study conducted in 2003 showed an earlier age for breast cancer identificationin women who shaved their underarms more regularly and used underarmdeodorants.

However, there is a need of more research regarding the breastcancer link with the underarm deodorants and blade shaving.

2.Does Breast Cancer Treatment Affect the Ability to Conceive?

It is also commonly asked question does the breast cancertreatment after the ability to conceive a child in future.

The treatments such as chemotherapy, radiation therapy ora blend of the two may affect fertility.

In treatment with chemotherapy the function of the ovariesmay get affected as the number or the quality of eggs may get reduction. It mayalso cause infertility in women who haven’t started menopause (pre-menopausal).

Radiation therapy destroys cancer cells by bring to anend or decreasing their growth and dissection. As radiation occasionally goes throughhealthy tissues, organs near the cancer location may be affected, possiblycausing provisional or perpetual infertility, particularly if the radiation wastransported straight to the genital area.

You may want to ponder your options for preservingfertility before starting breast cancer treatment and discuss your questionsand concerns with your oncologist.

BestCancer Hospitals in Pakistan


  • Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital & Research Centre, Lahore.
  • Bahawalpur Institute of Nuclear Medicine & Oncology (BINO), Bahawalpur.
  • Centre for Nuclear Medicine (CENUM), Lahore
  • Gujranwala Institute of Nuclear Medicine (GINUM), Gujranwala.
  • Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Oncology (INMOL), Lahore.
  • Multan Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Radiotherapy (MINAR), Multan.
  • Punjab Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Radiotherapy (PINUM), Faisalabad.


  • Ziauddin Cancer Hospital Ziauddin University Karachi.
  • Baitul Sukoon Cancer Hospital Karachi.
  • The Cancer Foundation Hospital Karachi.
  • The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi.
  • Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital & Research Centre, Karachi.
  • Atomic Energy Medical Centre (AEMC), Karachi.
  • Karachi Institute of Radiotherapy and Nuclear Medicine (KIRAN), Karachi.
  • Larkana Institute of Radiotherapy and Nuclear Medicine (LINAR), Larkana.
  • Nuclear Institute of Medicine & Radiotherapy (NIMRA), Jamshoro.
  • Nawabshah Nuclear Medicine Oncology & Radiotherapy Institute (NORIN), Nawabshah.
  • Cyberknife, jinnah hospital Karachi.


  • Centre For Nuclear Medicine & Radiotherapy (CENAR), Quetta.
  • Federally Administered Tribal Areas.


  • Northwest General Hospital & Research Centre, Peshawar.
  • Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital & Research Centre, Peshawar.
  • Bannu Institute of Nuclear Medicine Oncology and Radiotherapy (BINOR), Bannu.
  • Institute of Nuclear Medicine, Oncology & Radiotherapy (INOR), Abbottabad.
  • Institute of Radiotherapy & Nuclear Medicine (IRNUM), Peshawar.
  • Swat Institute of Nuclear Medicine Oncology & Radiotherapy (SINOR), Saidu Sharif.
  • D.I.Khan Institute of Nuclear Medicine And Radiotherapy, Dera Ismail Khan.


  • Gilgit Institute of Nuclear Medicine Oncology, Gilgit
  • Islamabad Capital Territory.
  • Nuclear Medicine, Oncology & Radiotherapy Institute (NORI) (Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences),
  • Quaid-e-Azam International Hospital.
  • Shifa International Hospital Islamabad, Islamabad.


The purpose of this article is just to make the readersaware with the knowledge of breast cancer symptoms, signs, causes, types,treatment and awareness.

By reading this, you concede that you are responsible foryour own health decisions.

Do not take anything for sure from any website, including this one, and try it without accurate research and medical observation.

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